Morayshire Family History Sharing

Scottish Words and Phrases

Scottish words and phrases that could be found in deeds, wills other documents

ABBACY, abbey, or abbot's office

ABOLEIST, abolished

ABSOLVITOR, Judgement for the defender in a civil action

ABULZEAMENTIS (abulziements, abilyementis, abuilyiement, bulyament), clothes

ACCIDENTS, the payment incidental to admission as a burgess.  

ACCRETION, The enlargement of an inheritance or legacy following the failure of a co-heir to prove their share.  

ACQUIET, guarantee undisturbed possession of land.  

ACTIS acts, legal documents recording what has been done

ACTORNEY, attorney

ADJUGE, sentence to pay a fine

ADJUDICATION. CHARTER OF, charter granted by the crown to a creditor of the estate of his debtor in satisfaction of the debt.

ADMINICLE, Supporting documentary evidence

ADMONEIS, admonish 

ADNUL, vb. annul, p. adnullit, annulled

ADOES (adois), business.

ADVISE,look to, see after.  

ADVOCATE bring a judgment before a higher tribunal for review. or second opinion

AE, only (e.g. son) ae coo's meat; enough land to raise one cow.

AFOIR, before

AGANIS, against

AGNATE, one related on the father's side.

AIK, oak.

AIR, heir;

AIRE, circuit court

AIRMY, army

AIRTH, quarter from which the wind blows

AISLE, the covered burial place annexed to a church 

AITSEED,  the season for the sowing of oats

AIXIES, ague, fever

ALEUIN, eleven

ALHALLOW, Allhallowtide. All Saints Day

ALLEGEANCE,  allegations

ALLEKAY, a bridegroom's attendant or a footman or lackey

ALIMENT, process of, legal process for the maintenance of children, wife, or parent.

ALLYE, kinship,  allies, friends  or associate.

ALMERAL, admiral

AMAND compensation or  fine.  

AMAROLD, emerald.  

AMERCIAT fined, a fine

AMRIE (aumrie), cupboard either moveable or fixed and taken from the French word  armoire  

ANDERMESS,  St Andrew's Day (November 30th)

ANE, One.

ANENT, about, concerning;

ANIS, once.  

ANNALZIE, transfer of ownership to another

ANNAT, initial six months or year's income due in payment to executors of an estate

ANNESIS, appurtenances, annexed to land.  

ANNEX, a minor property subsidiary to one that is more important

ANNUAL RENT interest on money, or mortgage ; literally, the yearly rent.  

ANNUALLAR  someone in receipt of a yearly rent

ANSUER, answer

ANTECESSOUR,  ancestor

ANTIANT, ancient

ANTICIPET, anticipated

APAYN OF, under penalty of

APPARENT  whereby the succession process has begun for someone following the death of a predecessor but is yet incomplete  (not to be confused with heir-apparent).

APPELL, appeal

APPOINT, order the destination of property (in court).  

APPREHEND, seize in the name of the law, either goods or a person

APPRISE, to place and value on and sell the land of a debtor in order to pay off the debt

APPURTENANCE, often a small portion of land that is hung on to - not let go of - not sold or given as a gift

AQUA, whisky

ARAGE, feudal service with draught-cattle

ARAND, ploughing, tilling

ARBITER, anarbitrator (chosen voluntarily by the parties concerned to settle a dispute)

ARK,  a chest or trunk, suitable for storing grain, etc 

ARLE, take into service on payment of a sum of money

ARRELS  earnest money given to servants to bind an engagement

ARREST, to apprehend or seize property of a debtor which is being held by a third party.  

ARRESTEE, the person from whom a third party's assets are removed.

ARRESTMENTS, loosing, relaxing attachment for debt.  

ARTAILZERIE, artillery.  

AS ACCORDS (of law), agreeable to law.  

ASHET, a large, usually oval but occasionally round, serving plate, sometimes lavishly decorated could be taken from the assiette, mening a plate

ASIAMENT, convenience, an advantage.

ASSEDATION, a tack or letting of land for a term.

ASSIGNATION, deed assigning debts or rights to another,

ASSIZE, jury, or inquest.

ASSOILZIE, acquit, hold not liable

ASSUME, to levy a tax on church property 

ASSURANCE, guarantee

ASSYTH, compensation, indemnification, reparation

ASTRENZE, place under obligation

AS WODINSDAY,  Ash Wednesday

ATENTIC, authentic

ATHILL, noble

ATTINGENT, close, near -  in terms of age or relationship

ATTOUR, besides

AUCHT, This can mean "eight," or "eighth", or sometimes " owned" or "owed", as well as meaning a possession.  

AUEN, own

AUNTIE, an unmarried woman keeping a tavern

AUSTRAL, southern

AUTHOR, the individual from whom a title or ownership is originated either  by sale or as a gift

AVER  a draught horse, old horse.

AWAND  owing.

AWARD  ground ploughed after the first crop

AWBLASTER, crossbow

AWNER, shipowner

AY, always


AYR - IS, heir, -s


BACKMAN, supporter in time of war

BACK UP,  endorse

BACKSEATS subleases of land

BAGINET bayonet.

BAICK BREAD  kneading trough or baking board.

BAILIE magistrate in a burgh or in a barony, officer employed to give seisine  or formal possession of land.

BAILIE-COURT, a court presided over by a bailie as magistrate.

BAIRN, barne, a young person, youth (as opposed to modern day useage, child or infant), could also describe a schoolboy or chorister

BAIRNTIME, bairnteme, offspring, brood of children also used to describe a group of animals

BAITH, baitht, bath, batht, bayth, both

BAIT WRICHT, shipwright, a boat-builder

BAJAN, first year university student

BALLANCE, flat dish, plate 

BALLANDIS  balances or scales for madder, a kind of dye stuff or a measure.

BALULALOW, lullaby.

BAND, bond, contract.

BANDIS, marriage banns

BANERMAN,   a bearer of army standard - a standard bearer

BANIS,  banish.

BANKET, banquet 

BANNES, banish or banned

BAPTIST, christened, named

BAREMAN, a bankrupt individual, or a person iwith debts

BARGAIN,  dispute

BARON BAILLIE, a baron's deputy

BARON COURT, within a barony, a tribunal presided over by the baron or his deputy  a bailie

BARONY free, an estate holding of the crown, and erected by crown charter into a barony, with power to hold courts, inflict penalties, etc.

BARRIKIN, small barrel

BASAR, an executioner

BASTION,  cudgel.

BATEL, battel, battle

BATOUN, baton

BATTARD, small cannon

BAUCHILL, to denounce or disgrace  in public

BAUDKIN, a cloth, lavishly embroidered and decorated

BAXTER, baker. Baxtarie, baxtrey; the craft of baking

BAYRN,  bayrns, or barne,  bairnis, child orchildren

BAYTHT, both

BE, (prep.) by

BEAND, being.  

BEAR, bere, barley.

BEARER, coal carrier, often a girl or woman, who carried the coals in baskets from the face to the shaft

BEDDAL, peddel, 1. church/kirk officer but could also be used to describe a University officer

BEDHOUS, BEDE HOUS, hospital or almshouse

BEE-SCAIFS (or bee-skeps), bee-hives.

BEET,  a bundle of flax

BEETYACH, bittoch, bittock, small sword or dagger, a knife

BEIR, bear, i.e. barley.

BEITTING, building.  

BEKEN, admit as possessor

BELL PENNY, money saved for funeral costs

BENIS, beans.

BENT SILVER, financial contribution from children at school to pay for 'bent grass' to be used as a floor covering

BEREANS, Protestant sect

BERE FRA, to dispossess someone of land or property

BERIS, place of burial

BERN,  barn

BERS, very small cannon

BESCHOP, bishop

BEST AUCHT, the most valuable possession including animals and  articles that could  be claimed by a superior on the death of his tenant

BETUIX, between

BEUK, book

BIBIL, a bible

BIG, build

BIGGEN, with child

BIGGING  building.

BILGET, billiet, military order in document form

BIND, bin standard barrel measure for packing goods

BING, funeral pile

BIRD ALANE, only child 

BIRLAW COURT, local court for lesser disputes.

BIRLIN, birling a large  rowing boat, or a galley from the Western Highlands

BIRL QUHEIL, spinning wheel

BIRNING, a punishment by branding

BIRNY, byrne, coat of mail

BIRTH, crop, produce

BIRTHFUL, fertile, usually with reference to farm animals

BLAC, black

BLACK HOUS, thatched Highland hut of stone and turf, with a central fireplace on sn earthen floor

BLANTER, oat-based food, could be used to describe porridge

BLASON, King or Queen's messenger's badge of authority

BLEEZE SILVER, gift of money to a schoolteacher at Candlemas

BLENCH FERME (also blench-duty), mode of land-tenure, a nominal or peppercorn rent

BLEW, blue.

BLOKIT, bargain.  

BLUDE ROLL, list of those accused of bloodshed.

BLUE, a spirit, usually whisky

BOCHT, bought.

BODAY, a scarlet dye 

BODDOCH, a  liquid measure equivalent to three-quarters of a pint

BODILY, a solemn oath personally given.

BODOM, bottom.

BOID, bid.  

BOIRDOURS, borders

BOLL, the heaped measure of that name, most commonly equivalent to six bushels,

BONDAGE, service owed and performed by a farm worker for the farmer

BOND OF PROVISION, bond by a father, providing for his children.

BOND OF TAILLIE, entail.  

BONDELSOURE, bonelesew, pasturage linked to bond service

BONE WARK, bonday wark, service, unremunerated work as part of tenant service, bone/bonday plewis, unpaid ploughing as part of tenant service, bone/bonday silver money paid in lieu of service

BONNET, bannet, protective metal helmet

BONNET LAIRD, small farmer who owns and tends his land

BORDER WARRANT, a warrant for the seizure of the effects and person of a man in England for debts owed in Scotland. 

BOREAUS, borreaus, executioners, hangmen

BORDEL, brothel Bordeler; brothel-keeper, can also be used to describe a person who frequents brothels

BOREING, borrowing.

BOROW, borrow, stand surety, usually for bail

BOS, leather wine container

BOT (butt), without.

BOTE, wine cask

BOTHYN, a lordship

BOTISMAN, boitisman, boitman, botman, boatman

BOUND COURT, district tribunal

BOUNTY, extra sum paid to fishermen at end of season's fishing

BOUTHOUS, mill building for the sifting of the flour

BOW, a herd of cattle, cattle-stock, more often than not cows

BOW HOUS cow shed

BOX MASTER, treasurer, keeper of the cashbox.

BOX PENNY, market duty

BOYART, small single mast vessel

BOYIS, leg-irons

BRABONER, weaver

BRAE, salmon trap

BRAIG, large knife

BRANKS, iron bridle/gag, for the public punishment for the likes of abusive language or for a wife's nagging's

BRED, measurement unit for skins

BREEK BROTHER, rival in love

BREVE  a writ from chancery authorizing an inquest or service.

BREW TALLOUN, duty paid for the rights to brew

BRIDLE SILVER, tip given to servant for leading a horse

BRIEVE BAUCK, a ridge of land left unploughed

BRIGANTINE, form of armour

BRIM, stream, burn

BROD, yound child, often the youngest in a family

BRODER (brodir, broder, broyr, brudir, brethyr, bredther, brither), brother. 

BRODER BARN, brother's offspring Broderdochter, brother's daughter; broderson, brother's son

BRODMAL, brood 


BROKEN, without a feudal chief, outlawed

BROKIN ship-wrecked, or stranded

BROWD, embroider,

BRUGHT, burgh.  

BRUSERY, embroidery.

BUGGIS, lamb's wool.

BUIRDE, board.  

BUIT, payment  of compensation

BUITIS, torture instrument

BULGIT, a bag

BULLAX, type of axe

BULL'S HEAD, symbol of the death penalty, indicating imminent execution

BUN, small barrel

BUNSUCKEN,  bound in service to a pre-designated mill

BURCHT, burght, burgh

BURD CLOTH, a  table cloth.  

BURDINER, guarantor assuming financial responsibility for another

BURDING, burden.

BURGAGE, burgh law. a form of tenure under which land in a royal burgh is held by the king or Queen (or the land itself)

BURGESS AIR, the heir of a burgess.

BURGESS TICKET, the document conferring the freedom of a burgh to an individual.

BURGH COURT, town or burgh tribunal

BURGH LAW, town law, based on the early 15th system

BURGH RUDIS, land under cultivation belonging to the town

BURNIS, brooks, streams, or burns

BURNLEDER,  a water-carrier

BUROUSTOUNIS borough-towns

BURRYMAN, scapegoat for all the ills befalling a community

BUSH, vessel used to carry cargo, or occasionally for fishing

BUTTERMAN, one who trades in butter 

BY, apart from

BYER cow shed

BYGOTTIN, illegitimate

BYRONIS, arrears.


CADDIE, a military cadet 

CADUCIAR, subject to, by means of

CAIBE, cabinet maker

CAIRD, tinker, pot-mender, one who travels the country

CAIRT, cart, a ship's chart or a cart.

CAIRTER, carter

CALLAN, girl

CALSAY, causeway, street

CANDAVAIG, type of salmon 

CANDLEMAS, 2nd of February, a Scottish quarter day  The days on which farm contracts, leases, rents began and ended.

CANNONAR, cannoneer, one who fires a cannon

CANNY, canvas

CANOUS, grey-haired

CAPE, a privateer. Caping, capring, privateering

CAPELLANE, cheplaine, a chaplain

CAPER, bread or oatcake with butter and cheese , on the other hand could be used as a term for a Pirate's vessel, privateer

CAPITANRY, captaincy

CAPPER, copper 

CAPTION, arrest. Captour; a court-appointed official or person  to apprehend criminals

CARAGE, carraige, a form of servitude by which a tenant was bound to carry for the proprietor a stipulated quantity of coals, grain, etc., or to serve him with men and horses a certain number of days in the year.  This could also be done as a payment in kind

CARDOW, work illegally in a  trade without being a freeman,

CARDOWER, an illegal worker in trade or a travelling tinker or tradesman could also describe a travelling tailor

CARECAKE, small cake eaten on Shrove Tuesday

CARE SONDAY, Passion Sunday

CARRY, weir

CARTOW, quarter cannon, a cannonball weighing a quarter of a hundredweight - 28 lbs

CAST, repeal as illegal, to cancel out

CASTELLAW, flour or cheese measure

CASTELLWARD, payment in lieu of the required feudal service of guarding a castle

CASTING UP THE HERETAGE, to do a deed that is against the history of the land

CASUALTY, miscellaneous item of revenue due from a tenant under certain circumstances

CATERAN, an outlaw or group of outlaws

CATHEAD, poor quality ironstone 

CAUSEY PAIKER, prostitute


CAVEL, a division, share of property, assigned by lot

CEDENT, an individual who assigns property to another

CERTIORAT(E), certified

CESSIO BONORUM, legal process enabling a debtor to avoid prison by surrendering all his means, on the assumption that he was not guilty of fraud

CESSIONER, an individual who is in receipt of property that has been ceded by another

CHAKKERAW, the Exchequer Row ; and also a chequered cloth or chess board.

CHALDER, a measure of sixteen bolls.

CHALLENDER, maker of coverlets

CHALLOP, large boat

CHAMBER IRON CHIMNEY, an iron grate for a room.  

CHAMBERLAIN,  a principal officer of the Scottish Royal household also describes the circuit court presided over by the chamberlain.

CHAMLET, light cloak, garment

CHAMPART, the share of produce due under the feudal system a tythe

CHAPLAINRY, chaplaincy

CHAPTANE, captain

CHARGER, plaintiff

CHARPENTEIR, carpenter

CHARTER, a document of title, grant from the crown, the conveyance of an estate.

CHARTEROUR, a Carthusian

CHAUMER, chalmirleir, chambermaid.  Chaumercheild, valet

CHECK WHEEL, a wheel for spinning lint,

CHEIFFIS, chiefs

CHEKKER,  official auditor appointed to hear court cases relating to royal revenues

CHESTON, chestnut 

CHETERY, land reverting to the feudal lord when the tenant died intestate

CHILDER, ordinary sailors, hands on ship or  people in general

CHILDIR, cheldyr, children 

CHIMNEY CREWKES, hooks for hanging pots over the fire.

CHIMNEY GALLOWES, projecting beam on which to hang pots and pans

CHIMNEY SPEEL, a spit for roasting.

CHIRURGEON,  a surgeon. taken from the  Greek, meaning a worker with the hand.

CHOPIN  a quart measure.

CHOPIS BAK, back shops.  

CHRISTIN,   a Christian. also used to describe Christmas

CHYMNA, chimney.

CINQUEFOIL, a charge in heraldry, consisting of five leaves.  

CIRURGYEN, surgeon.

CISTEUS, a Cistercian

CITAT, cited

CITE, city.

CITINAR, citinares, citizen(s), people

CLAG  claim against property

CLAIS, claiths,   clothes.

CLAMANT, demand for redress

CLAP DYKE, wall for drainage, usually turf or earth

CLAYTH  cloth

CLEARANCES, the practice of removing tenants from land, mainly to enlarge and improve farming efficiency (Highlands Clearences), when many of the families went to the new worlds

CLED, provided

CLEIT, small stone construction for drying peat

CLEME, claim

CLEPE AND CALL, a court summons

CLOUT, small piece of land

CLUB, an apprentice, usually in shoemaking, who is not yet a freeman

COAD (cod), pillow or cushion; COADWAIR  pillow slip or cushion cover.

COAL FAULD, coal yard. Coll bearer; a woman who carryies the coal on her back from the coal face to the surface. Coll heuch, a mine. Collever, coal-carrying horse

COBLE a small craft or fishing boat ; or of a kiln, a vessel for steeping malt.

COCKET , a certificate under the seal of the proper officer that the customs have been paid on goods exported from such and such a post. Clerk of cocquet, or coqueter, is the officer who grants the certificates.  

COFE, an exchange

COFT, bought

COGNITION, the magisterial act of recognizing an heir, as entitled to be seized in property. Thus to be "cognosced heir " is to be formally recognised as such.

COGSTER, flax dresser

COLLAR, hay sheaf maker

COLLEP, a type of drinking vessel

COLLUM, ship

COMBURGES, co-burgess, fellow-burgess.

COMMISSARIOT, local registry for confirmation or probate of wills and for grants of administration, a commissary, is the officer making the confirmation or grant. 

COMMIXTION, Mixing together of property of various owners, with varying effect on the owners' rights.

COMMODITIES, benefits stemming from the possession/use of property

COMPEAR, to appear, generally in a legal proceeding

COMPOSITOR, an  arbitrator in legal disputes , also  a  sum paid in settlement and also meaning the agreement for settlement

COMPROMIT, settlement or agreement

COMPT  account.

CONAND, covenant

CONDESCEND, to state the facts.

CONDUCE, employ, take on, hire, employ

CONDUCK, conduct, water channel, a conduit

CONFIRMATION OF A GRANT, Confirmation of a charter by an overlord or superior.

CONJUNCT, joint ; e.g. conjunct feftment, fee shared jointly, conjunct fiar, ownership of land by more than one party.  Another use of this term is  connected by blood - family, kin

CONNEX, appurtenances, items, dealingsconnected with an estate

CONNOTAR, a public notary acting in conjuction with another

CONQUEISH, to conquer ; to acquire property by purchase, donation or exchange, or by other means as opposed to by inheritance.

CONQUEST, HEIR OF, an heir succeeding not by descent from the predecessor but by ascent, as representing an older line, e.g., when the second of three brothers or his heir dies, the youngest succeeded to the heretable but the eldest to the conquest property. The distinction between heritage and conquest was abolished in 1874.  

CONSANGUINEAN, A brother or sister who has the same father but not the same mother. - now called a step sister or brother

CONTORAR, Contrary.

CONTRACTED, betrothed, and in Scotland legally equivalent to marriage; consent being legally enough, and the public ceremony of marriage being introduced in order to make so important a contract known, though through the eyes of the law was not essential - the contract was enough

COOKIE, prostitute

COP, cup used as liquid  or grain measure

COPER GUIS PAN, a large copper pan for cooking geese.

CORDINER, cordwainer, shoemaker, normally one who works in fine materials and produced high quality wares

CORNEL, colonel

CORONELL, coroner

CORSHOUS, building standing crossways to the others, possibly at a 90 deg angle

COSE an exchange, usually of lands.

COSNANT, wages without board

COST SIDE, coastal, near the sea

COT, coat.  

COTHOUSE, small cottage, labourer's house

COTTAR,  cotter, tenant occupying farm cottage, sometimes with a small plot of land, in return for labouring on the farm  Cottar land, land attached to a cottage

COUNCILLOR, counsellor, town councillor


COUP, a basked used to catch salmon and can also be used t describe an  enclosed cart used to carry manure, or earth.  Another description is that of a cup

COUPER, herring dealer

COURS (linen), coarse.  

COURT PLAINT, the feudal privilege of dealing with complaints made to a court

COURTEN ROADS, curtain-rods or curtain poles

COURTESY, liferent, entitlement to income from the heritage of a deceased

COWCLINK, prostitute

CRANIS, a crane of herrings is a barrelful of unsalted herrings.

CRANNOG, ancient lake dwelling, sometimes having an island offshore accessable by a narrow strip of land

CREAR, small merchant vessel

CREEL, wicker basket for fish.

CREEP  crèpe.

CREVE, petition for one's right

CRIMPSON, crimson

CRO, financial compensation, recompense for a killing that has taken place

CROFT, a small piece of land adjoining a house


CROWDIE-MOWDIE, a concoction of oatmeal and water eaten uncooked

CROWNES OF THE SUN French coins, so-called from the mint mark ; value about fourteen shillings.   Could also be names as one of the French kings was called 'the sun king'

CRUE, croy, hovel

CRUK, circle, hook.

CRYIT FAIR, fair with a public proclamation in advance

CUCH BED, a couch bed.

CUIK, cook

CULLOUR, colour


CULVERING, A handgun but can also be used to describe a large cannon

CUMMER, kimmer, witch

CUMPTOUR, An accountant.

CUNIGAR, rabbit warren

CUNNAR, ale taster

CUNYIE, corner plot of land

CUNZEHOUS, the mint

CURATOR,  guardian of an infant between fourteen and twenty-one years of age, as opposed to tutor, guardian of a child under fourteen.

CURATOR AD LITEM, guardian of a minor in a suit or of a wife in a process against her husband.

CURRACH, coracle

CURROUR, Forest warden

CUSSING, cousin.

CUSTOMAR, collector of customs monies and dues.

CUTHILL, a wood

CUTTER, someone who cuts down trees for wood without permission


DAILIS, ewes that miss lambing and are fattened for the slaughter

DEALL, a board of deal or pine wood.

DEATHBED, law of, the law by which an heir could cancel deeds made to his disadvantage by a terminally-heir predecessor within the 60 days prior to his death.  

DEBATABLE, specifically with reference to land and boundaries, subject to dispute.  

DECERNED, decreed.

DECREET,  judgment of the Court

DEDE, deid,  deed, a document or the  death of a person

DEFENDER, defendant in a legal arguement

DEFORCEMENT, occupying property belonging to another ; also resisting the officers of the law in the execution of their duty.

DELATED, accused at law.

DELIVERANCE, judgment.

DEMITTIT, dismissed, resigned

DEPONE, depose, give evidence or an make oath.

DEPUTE, deputy appointed by the crown

DEVIDING, formal division of lands or property

DEVOID , vacate land or property

DEW SERVICE , service owed or carried out by a tenant on behalf of the grantor of land 

DEWITIE, duty.

DILIGENCE,  legal proceedings involved in the enforcement of payments and the recovery of debts. or could also be a court warrant to enforce the attendance of witnesses or the production of documentation. In modern terms would be called a summons

DILMONDIS,  two year old ram

DIRROGATIONE, partial repeal of a law

DISCLAMATION, renunciation of obligation by a tenant to the grantor of the tenancy

DISHERIS, disinherit

DISPONE, dispose of, convey land, alienate.  

DISSASINE, dispossession

DISTITUT, destitute.

DIUERS, various

DIUIDIT, divided

DOCHTIR, daughter

DOCQUET, statement annexed to the document recording a transfer of property (sasine) stating its authenticity

DOCUMENTIS, teachings, instructions

DOMICILLIS, dwellings.

DOMINICAL LANDS, the mains or principal farm on an estate

DONATOR, receiver of a donation

DORNICK (dornyk), cloth wrought at Tournay in France.  

DOTE, give or grant lands as an endowment

DUTY; Service or payment to a feudal superior

DWELL, of possessions, remains possessed by someone specific



 EILD, children of, issue.  

EME, uncle or near relative

ENGEL, gold coin

ENGENERET, engendrit, begotten

ENNYRNES, Inverness Celtic term for Inverness

ENTER, inter, to obtain, take possession of lands/property/office or to place someone in possession of same

ENTRIE SILVER dues paid on being entered in an estate as heir.  

ERL, earl

ESCHEAT,  goods or estate forfeited or confiscated, possibly  on conviction of a crime, non-payment of debt.  

ESCHET, forfeiture (O. Fr. eschéoir, to fall out, fail).

EST, east,

ESTAITIS, estates (of the realm)

EVENAR, the person apointed to apportion lands

EVIDENTS, documents evidence of ownership, title deeds.

EXCAMB, exchange

EXCRESCENS, interest.

EXECUTOR-DATIVE, person appointed by the court to execute a warrant.

EXECUTOR-NOMINATE, person appointed by the testator to execute a warrant.

EXECUTRY, the moveable property of a deceased person.

EXONER, free from liability, to exonerate .

EYRN, iron


FACTOR (factory). attorney (power of attorney) to manage affairs or the  person empowered to acto on others behalves;  factrix, a female factor 

FADER, fadir, father, fadir-of-lau, father in law, fadir-in-Gode, godfather

FAILLIE  Failure

FAILZAND,  lacking in (e.g. an appointed heir)

FAMYLE,  Family or could also be kindred

FATHER IN LAW, step-father, and sometimes wife's father or "gude father."

FAYR, father. The y is the th contracted, not a method of spelling.

FAYVE, five.  

FEE, full ownership as distinct from life‑rent, or ownership for life only.  

FEILD, field.

FELLIS, fells, hills

FENCED COURT, a court opened and held with due solemnity.

FEOFFMENT, legal giving of possession of land, or the fact of being so possessed, infeftment.

FERME,  rent

FEU (few), possession, holding of a superior for rent. Feu-duty, feu-maills, feu-fermes, the rent of a feu.

FEUAR, one who holds a feu (land or house) at a rent.  

FIALL, feudal tenure

FIAR (fear), one who holds a property in fee ; the heir who has the fee, as distinct from the person in possession who has the life-rent

FIRLES, metal rings uniting a fork or knife to the handle ; cp. ferrule.

FIRLOT MELL, an old measure of meal or other dry provision

FLAGGAN (flacon), flagon

FLIT, To remove from or leave lands or house- to go somehere new

FOIR, fore, e.g., bak and foir, back and front.  

FOIR BEARS, predecessors, people who have gone before.

FOIRFADIRS, forefathers.

FOIRGRANDSCHEIR, great-grandfather

FOIRSAID, foyrsaid, aforesaid.

FOLD DYCKS, dykes or walls for enclosing sheep or cattle.

FORANENT, over against.  

FOREGRANDDAME, great- or great-great-grandmother

FOREGRANDFATHER, great-grandfather

FOREGRANTSIRE, great- or great-great-grandfather

FORELAND (foirland), a front tenement or house.  

FOREST, free forest, a forest where the Crown granted hunting rights under charter to the proprietor

FORFAULT,  To forfeit or confiscate from a person or property

FOSTERIS, progeny, dependants

FRANKTENEMENT, freehold, franktenementar; freeholder

FUNDLIN, foundling

FURM, form or bench.

FURTH OF (THE COUNTRY), or of land, abroad, removed elsewhere, outside the borders of. Furthputting; eviction from a property

FRE LANDS, free lands

FRETHING, freeing, disburdening.

FYFT, fyift, fifth, fyftye, fifty, fyiftein, fifteen.


GAIT (gaet), street leading to a gate of a town. 

GALLOWES, swing beam ; see s. Chimney.

GALLUS, gallows.

GARNISON, garnisoun, garrison.

GAT, begot

GEIR (gear), goods, tackle of a mill; e.g., household gear, or of a mill, some parts of which went to the tenant, while others remained the property of the landlord.

GENOLIGIE, genolligie, genolygie, genealogy, family history

GERMAN BROTHERS, children of the same father or parents, as opposed to brothers uterine, i.e., of the same mother only.

GIRDS (girdis), girths of a horse.

GLUFIS (gluiffis) gloves.

GODFATHER. This term, as opposed to witness to a baptism, was used by members of the Episcopal Church, chiefly about Dundee and Aberdeen. There was no fined number of godparents.

GOODSONE (gudesone), grandson or son-in-law.

GOSSIP, cousin, friend.

GRAITH, wealth

GRANTSCHIR, grandscheir, grandsire, grandfather.

GREN, green.

GREWGREN SILK, "Gros-grain" silk.

GRIEVE, overseer of a farm or estate -today, would be called  a farm manager.

GRISSILLIS, grissels, grilse, salmon not fully grown.

GRIT, great.

GUDAME, gudsyr, gudeson, gudesone ; grandmother, grand­father, grandson ; or sometimes mother, father and son-in-law.

GUDE-FATHER, see father-in-law

GUID, guidis, good, goods.

GUIDSCHYR, gudscheir, gudscher, grandsire, grandfather.

GUIS, goose.

GUYDER, guide, guardian.

GUYS PAN, goose‑pan.

GYLE, guile


HABIT AND REPUTE, the reputation of being a thief.

HAGBUT, a kind of musket ; hagbuttaris, those who carried them.

HAIFFAND, having. 

HAILL, whole.  

HAMESUCKEN, A crime committed upon a person in his own home, and  the corresponding fine or penalty resulting.

HANDSELL, the first money received for goods, etc.

HANDSEYNZIE, banner, the hand-sign.

HAUNDY, handy

HAVAND, having.

HAVER, the person who has custody of a document, required as evidence in court.

HEICHE, high.

HEID, head.

HEILSOME, wholesome, heal-some.

HEIMS, short for hemmyngs, shoes made of untanned leather.

HEIR MALE, heir descending through the sons of the family.

HEIR OF TAILZIE OR PROVISION, heir by virtue of a deed of entail or provision.

HEIR PORTIONER one of several taking equally, e.g., in the case of daughters.

HEIR SPECIAL, heir to a particular subject.

HERITABLE PROPRIETOR, one who owns heritable property.

HERITABLY, by heritage ; pertaining in heritage, be­longing to as heir.

HERITIER, heritor, inheritor, heir.

HESP, hasp, clasp, hinge.

HERETAGE, heritage, Property consisting of land etc. that devolved on the heir at law as opposed to an executor.

HEUCH, a glen with steep sides, a crag, hence a pit;

HEW, hue.  

HIRD, hyrd, shepherd, keeper of cattle of any kind.

HISBAND, husband.

HISTORIAGREPHOURS, historigraphours, historians, people who keep the history of the land and people.

HOG, one-year-old sheep.

HOGSTONE (or Hogtone) OF DOUBLE WORSAT, a jacket of worsted.  

HOLOGRAPH, written 'wholly' by the hand of the testator, and thereby valid.

HOMOL(O)GATE, to indirectly approve of, or agree with, thereby confirm or ratify.

HORN, AT THE, denounced as an outlaw.

HORNING, a writ under the signet obtained by a creditor ordering the debtor to pay or be " at the horn."

HOUSE-MAILLS or MEALS, house-rent; cp. black mail Rent payable in cattle, labour or paid by coins other than silver.

HOSPITAL-MASTER, keeper of the almshouse.  

HOUSHALD, household.

HOVISS, house.

HOWFF, hough, a burial ground, a place of resort.

HUSBAND-LAND, twenty-six acres of land ploughed by two oxen.

HYPOTHECATE, mortgage to secure a debt.

HYRD, hird, shepherd,


ILK, OF THAT, of that place or race. Lat., de eodem, i.e., the name of the family and estates are the same, e.g., Wedderburn of Wedderburn or Wedderburn of that ilk. The right to be so called was granted by royal charter, and survives to the head of the family even if the estate is lost. The mere identity of name with that of the place owned (e.g., by purchase) does not give the right.

IMPLEMENT, fulfilling, completion, to take action and do.  

INCONTINENT AFTER OUR DECEISS, without delay after our death. 

INGLAND, England inglis, the English

INHIBITION, a writ under the signet prohibiting a debtor from parting with his heritage, or burdening it.

INQUEST, inquiry, before a jury as to a person has the  right to succeed as heir to a parent or relative.

INSTRUMENT, legal document.

INTERDICT (interdiction), inquisition.  

INTERLOCUTOR, (Scotish Law): A judgement or order of a court or of the Lords Ordinary, signed by the pronouncing or presiding judge (short of the final judgement). `Interlocutors, correctly speaking, are judgments or judicial orders pronounced in the course of a suit, but which do not finally determine the cause. The term, however, in Scotch practice, is applied indiscriminately to the judgments or orders of the Court, or of the Lords Ordinary, whether they exhaust the question at issue or not' (Dictionary of the Law of Scotland 1861).

INTERMEDDLE, interfere, concern oneself with incorrectly, without due cause.  

INTERROGATORY, formal (usually written) question, needing  a reply on oath.  

INTERRUPTION, legal action to extend the length of time of a period of prescription .  

INTERTAINER, entertainer, guardian with whom a child lives.

INTRES THAIRTO, interest in.

INTR0METTER, person mixing himself up with the affairs of another, e.g., an executor; intro­mission, the act of so doing to.

INTRUSIT, intruded, interupted

INVENTAR, invetar, inventory.

INVENTAR JUDICIAL, inventory made by order of the court.

IRON BAK, ash pan or basket of iron.

IRRITANCY, CLAUSE OF, a clause in a document attaching a condition to a right, e.g., the bearing of a specified name and arms as a condition of holding an estate, or the giving up of one estate as the condition of succeeding to another.

IUGE, judge, iugit, judged.

IURIS-CONSULTOURS, legal counsel.


JAK OF BANE DEER, a bag made of reindeer skin.

JUSTI-COAT, a vest with sleeves.


KAIN, rent paid in kind, as fowls, grain, etc. When joined with money it means the value of the other subjects.

KAMYS, combs ; applied to a place, it means 'ridgy' ground.

KEMMYNG-STOK, the stock on which wool was set for combing.

KER, sledge used to transport hay. Kerfull, a cartload

KILL, kiln, stove or oven for drying malt, etc.

KIPPAGE, disorder.

KIRKMASTER, an official who had charge of the church buildings, and received the money, exacted for the fabric.

KIST, kistis ; chest, chests.

KITHES, appears

KNAG OF VINACRE, cask of vinegar.

KNAPSCALL, headpiece in armour.  

KNYCHTHED, knighthood.

KOU, cow, pl. ky, kyne.

KYRK, church.


LADILL, ladle, large spoon for lifting broth, etc.  

LAIRD, lard, var. of Lord (Eng.), holder of land directly from the King, (A.S. hlaford, O.E. lauerd).

LANTRONE, lanthorn, lantern.  

LAUBEIR, laubir, laubyr, labour lauberar, labourer.

LAU'LL, a contraction of "lawful."

LAW-BURROWS (or borrowis), legal security which a man may be ordered to give that he will not injure the person or property of another; being " bound over to keep the peace."

LEAT, late.  

LECENS, licence.

LEET, list of candidates for election, e.g., as bailies, etc.

LEGATOUR, universal, sole legatee.

LENTH, length.

LETTERS, writ or warrant, e.g., of caption, a signet letter following on horning for the arrest of the debtor.

LETTRONE, lectron, reading desk.

LEY, lea, unploughed land, pasture land.

LIFE, on life, still alive ; e.g., only child on life, sole surviving child.

LIFE-RENT, life-interest, life-renter or life-rentrix, man or woman owning it.

LITSTER, dyer; littet or littit, dyed.

LOCKIT BUIK, the locked book in which the admission of burgesses to the freedom of a burgh were entered.

LOGY HAUCHE AND FUR BRA, the hauch or heuch (i.e., glen) of Logie and the furrowed brae (hillside, side of valley).

LOOSING ARRESTMENT, an arrestment (for debt) is loosed on security being found.

LOUS, loose.

LUDGEING, ludgen, lodging.

LUGGS, A PAIR OF, ears, hinges, the two handles of a vessel.

LYBEL, libel, indictment, etc. ; e.g,, the lands lybelled, lands specified in the suit.

LYFRENT ; see s. Life.


 MAGISTER, Mr. This prefix signifies that the person you are addressing is a graduate of a university.

MAILLS ; see s. House-maills.

MAINS (Mayns), the chief or home farm.  

MAISTER, master.

MALIS, mailings, small farms ; "a cow's mail, the rent of a cow's walk or grass."

MALTHOUSE, brewery ; maltman, brewer.

MANOR PLACE, dwellinghouse, mansion of an estate.

MARABLE (marbole, marboll), marble.  

MARCAT, mercat, market.

MARCHAND, marchant, merchant.

MAREIT, married.

MEASOUR, measure.

MEETING HOUSE, episcopal chapel, or other dissenting place of worship.

MEMELL (handles of forks), made of oak. Fr. Memeli.  

MERCAT, market, mercattis, markets.

MERCATOR, mercatrix, merchant (of a man or woman).

MERCHANDIS LETTER, letter of the merchants.

MET AND MEASOUR, mete and measure.  

MEYDVYF, midwife.

MILN (milne, myl), mill.

MISPRISON (mispreson, misperson), to slander ; also to conceal crime, e.g., misprision of treason.

MODIR, mother.

MORTCLOTH DUES, dues payable for the use of the public pall (death cloth) at a funeral.

MORTIFYED MONEY, money left by dead persons in charity.

MOYR, mother. See s. Fayr.

MUCK, dung, manure.

MUIR, moor.  

MUIS, bushels, measures.

MUKED (of land), mucked, manured.

MULLER, moulded work, frame of a picture ; cp. Mullion.

MULTURE, multour, dewetie, payment in grain and money for having corn ground.

MUTCKIN, a pint (English).

MYLNE, myl, mill.  

MYLE, mile.

MYRE, marsh.


NACKET. Fr., nacquet, the lad that marks at tennis. Hence lacquey, insignificant person. Nackety means "conceited:” Another word "nacket” means a bit of stone used in the game of shinty, and is also used to describe a  small quantity of snuff

NAIGIS, nags, small horses.

NAPERY (naperie, naprie), table linen.  

NEUO, nephew.

NOLTS' TONGUES, neats' (cow or bullock) tongues.

NONENTRY MAILLS, GIFT OF, the rents of lands in the hands of the superior till the heir is able to assume possession.  

NORTHT, northin, northern, northtest, N.E., nortuest, N.W.

NOTARIAL DOCKET, the notary's certificate at the end of an instrument.

NOTARIAL INSTRUMENT, deed drawn by a notary.

NOTARIAL SYMBOL, the sign used by a notary for distinction.

NOVODAMUS, CHARTER OF, renewal of feudal grant by charter, with some alteration or addition.  

NYCHTBOUR, neighbour.


 OASTLAIR, master of an inn, host; hence ostler.

OBLIGEMENT, bond, obligation.

ON-DELYVERIT, undelivered.  

ONLEFUL, unlawful.

ORDINANS, ordinance(s), order(s).

OST, host.

OUKIS, weeks.

OUR-GILT, overgilt, gilded over; of a book, gilt-edged.

OURE, our, over.

OUTREDDAR, to outred is to extricate or finish off ; the outreddar of a ship is thus the person who fits it out for a voyage, or disburdens it of its cargo.

OXENGATE OF LAND, an oxgate of land is thirteen acres. cp. husbandland.

OY, OYE, grandson, grand-daughter, sometimes niece.


PAIRT, bairnis, of gear, a child's share in a parent's estate, patrimony.

PAND or PANE, for a bed, the draperies for the frame of a bed, hence counterpane.

PARAPRIS, paraphrase.

PECES, pieces, title deeds ; or any article regarded singly.

PEKIS, pecks.

PENDICLE, appurtenance, thing hung on to, often a small portion of land.

PEPER, paper.  

PESTE, pestelens, plag, plague, pestilence.

PETARES, petards (small explosive charge placed in wooden box e.g. to blow hole in wall, later firework).

PIER-MASTER, harbour-master.

PILGIT, a broil, a quarrel.

PINUT, pint.

PISTOLAT, A small pistol, also a coin of that name.  

PLAG, plagis, plague(s).

PLANTATION OF KIRKS, establishing and providing for churches in the various parishes.

PLENISHING (insight, outsight, i.e., inside, outside), furniture of a house, stock on a farm or estate.

PLET SLEVIS, pleated sleeves.

PLEUGH, plough.

PLEY, plea, complaint at law.

PM'ES, promes, promise.

PNTLIE, contraction for " presently."

PNTS, contraction for " presents."


POK VAD OF THE ROS, A. Pok, pocket; waid, a dye ; ros or rowse, a kind of cloth.

PORTION NATURAL, the share of a child in the estate of an intestate father. PORTIONER OF LAND, owner of a small bit of land.

PORTIONERS, heirs, daughters inheriting land jointly.

POT IRON, iron for setting the pot on.

POYNDING, attaching lands or goods for debt.

POYNDING, DECREET OF, judicial order for poynding.



PRESBYTERY (presbetrie), ecclesiastical court of the ministers and elders of a district of several parishes.

PRIMME, first, chief, prime.

PRINLL., contraction for " principal."

PRISARIS, apprisors, person who apprizes, puts up for sale to pay a creditor.

PRISIT, apprised.  

PROCES, legal proceedings.

PROCREAT, begotten.

PROCURATOR, law agent or counsel.

PROPYN, gift or present.

PROSECUTION OF SIGNATURES. A signature is a warrant subscribed by the King for granting a charter. The prosecution may mean the following out or obtaining of such a warrant.

PROTOCOL, the first copy of an instrument, written by a notary in his protocol book.

PROTOMEDICUS, the chief doctor.

PRYDIT, provydit, provided.

PUNDIS, pounds.

PUPILLARITY, the state of being a pupil, i.e., between birth and fourteen years of age.


PURS, purse.

PURSUE, persew, to prosecute a suit.

PURSUER, plaintiff, complainer, in a law-suit.


Q Often short for con ; e.g., Qfess, confess.

QROF, whereof.  

QUHA, who.

QUHAIR, quhar, where.  

QUHAIRBE, whereby.

QUHAIRIN, wherein.

QUHAIS, whose.  

QUHAM, whom.

QUHAR, where.

QUHARFOR, wherefore.

QUHATSOMEVIR, whatever, whatsoever.

QUHEILL, while, wheel.

QUHEIT, white.  

QUHEN, when.

QUHERIN, wherein.  

QUHIDDIR, whether.

QUHIL, till, until.

QUHILK, whilk, which. 

QUHOME, whom. 

QUHOU, how.

QUHOUBEIT, howbeit, howsoever.

QUHY, why.

QUHYLE, while.  

QUOD, quoth, said.

QUYT OF ENTRY, quit of entry, having paid fees due to the superior


RACKEN, reckon.

RAISING LETTERS, taking out a legal summons.

RANKING, PROCESS OF, process by which creditors are arranged in order of preference.

RASE (base and opprobrious speeches), rash.

RATSCHE (of a gun), lock.

RAXES, iron instrument consisting of various links, on which the spit is turned at the fire ; or per­haps tongs, rax meaning to stretch.

REFT, bereft.

REGALITY, a territorial jurisdiction conferred by the crown, the holder being termed lord of the regality, with power to hold courts.

REGENT, master of a school or college.

REMANENT, remaining.

RENUNCIATION, (1) by an heir charged to enter on possession ; (2) of redeemable rights when re­deemed ; (3) of a lease. Also the deed by which these are carried out.

REPONIT, reponed, replaced.

RESIGNATION, the act whereby a vassal returns the fen into the hands of the superior, either to remain with the latter, or for the purpose of receiving it again by a new grant. The deed recording the act.

RESTING, remaining due, owing.

RETOUR, an extract from chancery of the service of an heir to his progenitor.

RETOUR OF INQUEST, the report of the jury sum­moned to find if an heir is duly entitled.

REUSTRIE, revestry, back vestry of a church.

REX DOLLAR, a silver coin (German) of varying value from 2s. 6d. to 4s. 6d.

RONDLE, A. This word has various meanings, e.g., a tower, round shield, round table, and song (rondel).

ROTTONFALL. (Possibly) a rat-trap (rotton-faw).

ROUNDALL, rowndall ; see Rondle.

ROUND SHEETS, sheets put round the mattress to bind it.

ROUNDER BED PLAIDS, woollen coverlets.

ROUP, sale by auction.


SADILL OF AIK, seat (sedilium) of oak.  

SAIDIS, aforesaid.

SAIDLES, saddles.

SAIFAND, saving.

SALBE, shall be.

SALMOND, salmon.

SALT BACKET, salt tub.

SALTFAT, or SALTFOOT, of tun, a saltcellar of pewter.

SALTPANS, pits where salt is made.

SAMEKLE, so much.

SAMEN, same.

SANGIS, Songs.

SASINE, act giving legal possession of property of land or house ; the deed recording the act.

SAULD, sold.

SCHADE, shadow.  

SCHEIP, sheep.

SCHEIPHIRDIS, shepherds.

SCHEIPCOTTIS, sheep-cotes.

SCHO, she.

SCHRYNE (scrine), shrine, desk, screen.

SCRUITTORE, escritoire, writing-table.  

SCULE, sculis, school(s).

SCUTIFER, shield bearer.

SE'ALL, contraction for severall, several.

SELCH'S SKIN, seal's skin.

SELFFIS, selves.

SENSYNE, since that time.  



SETT, let to.

SERVATOR (servitor, servites), agent, secretary, apprentice ; also napkin.

SERVICE, SPECIAL, as heir to a special subject, as property, etc.

SEVINE, sewln, seuyn, seven.  

SEX, six, sext, sixth, sexten, sixteen.

SEYE, sea.

SHADOW HALF, north side of land.

SHAG LYNING, cloth having a rough nap.

SHAMBO GLOVES, made of chamois leather.

SHEDS OF LAND, portions or fields of land.

SHERIFF CLERK, clerk to the sheriff court, and keeper of the records.

SHERIFF IN THAT PART (i.e., in that behalf), one ap­pointed by the crown to act in place of the sheriff in a particular instance.

SHERIFFDOM, the district under jurisdiction of sheriff, a county ; see s. Barony, Regality.

SHUTTLES, small enclosed drawers of a cabinet.

SHOD, shode, shot, " lie shot," i.e., lying separate from the rest.

SICKLIKE, siclyk, like as, likewise, in like manner.

SKAITHLESS, without hurt or damage.

SKAITH, hurt or damage.

SLEIST sluther vagabond ; lazy slothful person.

SOAM, a rope or chain by which a plough is drawn.

SOMMANCE, summons.  

SONE, soune, 1. son, 2. sun.

SONEY, sunny.

SOUMES, sums.  

SOUTHT, south, southyn, southern.

SPEET (speit), spite ; also spit for roasting.


SPRINGZIE RAPPER, springy rapier.

SPUILZIED, robbed or despoiled.

STAFF AND BATON, delivery by, symbols used on resignation of lands by a vassal into the hands of the superior.

STAIG, young horse.

STAITHLESS, scaithless, see skaithless.

STAPIS, tyn, stoups, large pitchers of tin.

STEALL, stale.  

STEDDYNGIS, steding, farmhouse and outhouses.

STENT, tax. Also as a verb, to tax ; stentar, one who collects the stent.

STOUP, a vessel for carrying water from the well.

STRIB, iron and girdis (stirroubis, stirribis), stirrups (iron) and girths.

STUIVER, a Dutch coin ; cp. "Stiver."

SUBMISSION ; see s. Decreet arbitral.

SUNNY HALF, south lying portion of lands.

SUPERIOR OF LANDS, the overlord from whom title is derived.

SURRENDER, DECREET OF, ordering the tithes or teinds to be yielded to the crown.

SUSPENSION, LETTERS OF, ordering the non-execution of charges proceeding on bills, bonds, or decrees until pleas be heard.

SYD, side.

SYLEBOB GLASS, syllabub (drink made of milk mixed with cider, rum, whisky etc, sweetened, spiced, served warm).

SWIPPIT, supped.

SWMES, sums.

SYMBOL; see s. Notarial.


TACK OF LANDS, customs, lease ; tacksman, lease holder.

TAILZIE, entail ; tailzier, entailer.

TAS, cup.

TAXT-WARD, the casualty of a superior for lands in non-entry.

TAYNGIS, tongs.

TEICK, tick, tick of a bed (mattress, pillow).

TEINDS, tithes ; teind sheaves, grain tithe.

TEMPLE LANDS, lands which belonged of old to the knight templars.

TENEMENT, a house, flat, holding or piece of land.

TESTAMENT, will. Except in Scotland where it does not refer to a will in the modern sense, rather a grant of administration by the authorities.

TESTAMENTAR ; see s. Dative.

THEATS, horse traces in plough or carriage.

THESAURER, treasurer.

THIRLAGE, the obligation on owner or tenants of land within a certain district to have their grain ground at a particular mill.

THOMIE, thumb.

THRID, third.

THRONG OF BUSINESS, full of, "crowded with” business.

THROW, through.

TITELLIS, titles

TOCHER, dowry ; tocher guid, the goods or money constituting the dowry.

TODDIS HEID AND BUR, fox's head and brush.

TOFT, land attached to a dwelling house and its appurtances, a messuage.

TOLBOOTH, the common prison of a burgh, the building in which the municipal courts are held.

TOLERANCE, deed granting some privilege.  

TOUNE, tounis, town(s).

TOWN, a steading (farmhouse outbuildings), with the houses of cotters (cottars).

TOWN HOUSE, house occupied by the civic authorities for the public business.

TRANSUMPT, an official copy of a deed, usually an old one.

TRANSLATION OF A BOND, document transferring it from one holder to another.

TRED AND HANDLING, trade and business.

TROWBLANCE, molestation.

TUFFELL CLOATH, taffill cloth, table cloth.

TUTOR, one appointed to manage the estate of a pupil below twelve years of age if a female, and fourteen if a male.

TUTORY, the appointment of such tutor.

TUTELAGE, state of being under a tutor.

TWIDLEN (napery), tweeled, twilled cloth.

TYMOUS, betimes, timely.

TYNE AND WINE, lose and win.


UMQUHILE, umqle, deceased, erst-while, the late.


UTERINE, children, i.e., of same mother, not same father.

UTHAIRIS, others.


VAIK, of a tack (tenancy) the state of vacancy of a tenancy, or the falling vacant of a tenancy.  

VALENT, upheld.

VENNEL, narrow street or passage.

VERDOUR BED, bed with tapestry representing woodland scenery.

VICARAGE TEINDS, the small tithes, as distinct from the rectorage teinds.

VICTUAL, victuelis, grain of any kind.

VILL, village, buildings round a castle.

VINTNER, wine-merchant, keeper of an inn.

VOLT, vault, or sometimes the circular tread round a centre, e.g., in grinding at a mill.  

VPHALDYN, upheld.

VRAK (WRECK) of SALMON, salmon cast ashore.


 WADSET, the deed by which a debtor gives his lands, etc., to his creditor, who is to draw the rents in payment of the debt ; wadsetter, the creditor who holds the wadset.


WALED MEN, selected, chosen.

WALKARIS CRAFT, fuller's trade or guild. (to full, clean or thicken cloth by treading or beating)

WAND RUSKES. possibly wandrethes, misfortunes ; wantrust, mistrust.  

WARD, (waird), feudal land tenure rights conferred through military service obligations of tenants.  

WARDATER, the person receiving from the original ward superior the enjoyment of lands held in ward.

WARD-HOLDING, (waird), tenure of lands through ward rights. 

WARD LANDS, (waird), lands held in ward.

WARD SUPERIOR, (waird), the person entitled to draw rent from the lands of a deceased vassal while the heir was still not infeft or remained a minor, thus unable to perform military service for the ward superior.

WARD VASSAL, (waird), the person holding the lands held in ward.

WARRANDICE, assurance against any wrong to a right conveyed, arising from defect in the title or otherwise. Warrandice lands, lands conveyed provisionally in case the purchaser should be evicted from the principal lands.  

WAVERAND, having doubtful title to.

WEAPON-SCHAWING, muster for drill in arms.

WECHT, weight.

WENSCHOAT (wainscoat), oak furniture.

WEYING, weighing.

WEYHOUSE, house where the standard weights or measures were kept.

WHOIP, whip.

WILL; see s. Testament.

WINESCOTT, wainscoat.  

WITH, in ownership, possession, of.

WOFFIN, woven ?

WRANGIS, wrongs, injuries.

WRITER, any clerk or scribe, attorney.

WRITER TO THE SIGNET, highest order of writers, having authority to prepare the writs which pass the royal signet.

WUIP, whip.

WYND, a narrow street or passage.

WYSSIE OR WISSIE, to inspect ; Fr., Visé.


YEARTAK, a year's lease.

YOAK, yoke.  

YOUNGER, often the title applied to the heir-apparent of someone with a territorial designation forming part of his surname, or styled as a Scottish chief: "A, younger of B".



ZAIRD, zeard, yard.

ZEIRS, years.

ZIT, yet.

ZOUNGAIR, younger.






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